Fuels and Refining

Generally, crude petroleum is heated and changed into a gas. The hot gases are passed into the bottom of a distillation column and become cooler as they move up the height of the column. As the gases cool below their boiling point, they condense into a liquid. The liquids are then drawn off the distilling column at specific heights, ranging from heavy resides at the bottom, raw diesel fuels in the mid-section, and raw gasoline at the top. These raw fractions are then processed further to make several different finished products.

  Although all fractions of petroleum find uses, the greatest demand is for gasoline. One barrel of crude petroleum contains only 30-40% gasoline. Transportation demands require that over 50% of the crude oil be "converted" into gasoline. To meet this demand some petroleum fractions must be converted to gasoline. This may be done by cracking-breaking down large molecules of heavy heating oil and resides; reforming- changing molecular structures of low quality gasoline molecules; and isomerization -rearranging the atoms in a molecule so that the product has the same chemical formula but has a different structure, such as converting normal butane to isobutene.

    Related Conference of Fuels and Refining

    June 06-07, 2019

    14th World Bioenergy Congress and Expo

    London, UK
    July 15-16, 2019

    6th World Congress on Chemical Engineering and Catalysis

    Amsterdam, Netherlands
    July 15-16, 2019

    9th World Congress on Biopolymers and Polymer Chemistry

    Bangkok, Thailand
    August 26-27, 2019

    9th World Congress on Biopolymers & Bioplastics

    London, UK
    August 26-27, 2019

    13th World Congress on Biofuels and Bioenergy

    Vienna, Austria
    August 26-27, 2019

    14th Global Summit and Expo on Biomass and Bioenergy

    Vienna, Austria
    23-24, September, 2019

    9th International Conference on Petroleum Engineering


    London, UK
    September 23-24, 2019

    11th Asia Pacific Congress on Oil and Gas

    Hong Kong
    September 27-28, 2019

    International Conference on Polymer Waste - Biopolymers & Bioplastics

    Toronto, Ontario, Canada
    October 23-24, 2019

    10th World Convention on Biopolymers & Bioplastics

    Tokyo, Japan
    November 18-19, 2019

    10th Annual Conference on Bioenergy and Biofuels

    Abu Dhabi, UAE
    November 18-19, 2019

    International Conference on Neurology & Psychology

    Rome, Italy
    November 28-29, 2019

    11th Annual Conference on Bioenergy and Biofuels

    Helsinki, Finland

    Fuels and Refining Conference Speakers

    Recommended Sessions

    Related Journals

    Are you interested in